This loss of habitat primarily due to climate change has brought about a severe decline in penguin population in the wild as a result of which several species of this flightless bird have been included in the endangered animals list compiled by the international union for conservation of nature iucn today. Penguin facts species habitat four penguin species are endangered northern rockhopper most of the other species of penguins are listed as vulnerable or threatened. Penguins are a family of 17 to 19 species of birds that live primarily in the southern hemisphere they include the tiny blue penguins of australia and new zealand the majestic emperor penguins of antarctica and king penguins found on many sub antarctic islands the endangered african penguin and the galpagos penguin the only penguin to be found north of the equator. Five species of penguins are endangered 4 erect crested penguin the eudyptes sclateri is a penguin species that is endemic to new zealandit is found in the bounty and antipodes islands of the country. This particular species is known for its braying like a donkey which has garnered it the name jackass penguin while not yet extinct the number of the african penguin has been declining in recent years and it is classified as endangered
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